Jordanian Dental Board Examination part one
Recommended reading list
Section 1: Craniofacial development and growth
- Embryologic derivation of dental and oral structures and development of somites (especially: metotic and prootic somites)
- Development of the maxillofacial complex
- Development of the branchial arches
- Development of the face, jaws, palate, tongue, thyroid gland
- Growth of the skull and jaws.
- Endochondral and intra-membranous ossification
- Types of cartilaginous growth
- Growth of the base of the skull (synchondroses)
- Growth of the condylar cartilage
- Development of the teeth and tooth supporting tissues
- Stages of tooth development
- Amelogenesis and dentinogenesis
- Development of the root and periodontium
Section 2: Anatomy of the Head and Neck, Oral anatomy
Head and Neck
- Osteology of Head and Neck
- The scalp & face
- The temporal region
- Infratemporal and pterygopalatine fossae
- The statoaccoustic organ (ear), Orbital cavity, and nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses
- Cranial fossae
- Soft palate and pharynx
- The Neck: Deep Fascia, the triangles of the neck, root of the neck, cervical vertebrae. cervical plexus, thyroid gland and larynx
- Cranial Nerves
- Vascular system and Lymphatic drainage of the head and neck
- Dental anatomy and occlusion
- Chronology of tooth development
- Palate, floor of the mouth, tongue, salivary glands, and the temporomandibular joint.
- Facial spaces and spread of odontogenic infections
- Regional anatomy for Local Anesthesia in Dentistry
Section 3: Oral Histology, oral physiology, and oral pathology
- Structure of the dental hard tissues, the dental pulp, and supporting tissues of the teeth.
- Oral mucosae including gingiva and dentogingival junction: Structure and function.
- Structure of the salivary glands.
- Histology of TMJ.
- Saliva: composition, physiochemical properties and its role in oral health and disease.
- Temporomandibular joint: articular surfaces, interarticular meniscus, and synovial fluid: its structure, function and common disturbances
- Control of jaw posture and movement.
- Mastication and: muscles of mastication, chewing cycles, oral sensory reflexes.
- Physiology of swallowing and gag reflex: development, mechanism and neural control.
- Oral sensory perception: the nature and distribution of sensory receptors in the mouth and face
- Physiology of oral and dental pain
- Physiology of tooth eruption: mechanisms and theories.
- Developmental disorders of teeth, soft tissues, and craniofacial malformations e.g. cleft lip and palate.
- Caries, diseases of pulp, periapical region and periodontium
- Diseases of the oral mucosa: white and red lesions, infections, ulcerations, swellings, pigmentations and neoplasms.
- Diseases of salivary glands: functional, infective, obstructive and neoplastic.
- Odontogenic cysts and tumors
- Diseases of jaw bones: hereditary, inflammatory, metabolic, fibro-osseous and neoplastic.
Section 4: General physiology
- Cellular physiology.
Somatic sensation system
Touch pain thermal and proprioception
Smell and taste
Muscle reflexes: types and mechanisms
The nature of motor control
Cranial nerves: components, distribution, function, lesions and disorders
Brain stem reticular activating system: function and role in coma and sleep
Skeletal muscle structure & Mechanics of contraction
Characteristics of muscle contraction
Muscle length & tension relation
Muscle load & velocity of contraction relation
Motor unit summation & Tetanization
Energetic of contraction & Muscle fatigue
Adaptation of skeletal muscle to demands
Skeletal muscle pathology
Renal role in hormone and drug clearance
Renal Control of Acid-Base Balance.
Dietary balance and Regulation of food intake
Essential Dietary components
Mineral & Vitamins requirements
Plasma volume, composition & function
Blood volume, composition & and cell count
White blood cell types & function
Platelets count & function
Hemostasis, mechanism and disorders
Cardiac Action Potential & electrical Conduction System of the heart
The normal Electrocardiography (ECG)
Heart as a pump & cardiac cycle
Cardiac output & venous return
Circulation and Hemodynamics
Regulation of arterial blood pressure & Heart rate
The Role of the Autonomic Nervous System
Hyperemia & congestion
Mechanism of respiration
Regulation of respiration
Pulmonary Function Tests
- Endocrine System: Component, function & disorders
- Physiology of Bone: Bone cells, Bone remodeling, bone fracture and repair.
Section 5: General pathology, immunology, and microbiology
- Cell and tissue Damage.
- Acute and chronic inflammation
- Wound healing
- Neoplasm & Disorders of growth
- Hemodynamic disorders: shock & hemorrhage, Edema, thromboembolism, and infarction.
- Fever and hypothermia
- Immune response:
- Nonspecific and specific immunity
- Functional steps in the immune response.
- Hypersensitivity and autoimmunity.
- Disinfection and sterilization; control of cross infection
- Oral microbiology of caries, periodontal disease and dental infections.
- Bacteriology: Staphylococci, Streptococci, and bacterial infections related to dentistry such as TB, syphilis, actinomycosis, leprosy.
- Fungi: Candidiasis
- Viruses: general properties, classification, life cycle and reproduction, and main viruses related to dentistry (Herpes, Papilloma, Mumps, HIV, Hepatitis, Coxsackie).
Section 6: Therapeutics in relation to dentistry
- Antimicrobial agents: mode of action, toxicity, resistance and dosage.
- Mediators of pain and inflammation; peripherally and centrally acting analgesics; anti-inflammatory agents
- Drug interactions especially in dentistry
- Pharmacology of local anesthesia.
Section 7: Dental aspects of medically compromised patients
- Respiratory system: Asthma, COPD
- Cardiovascular disease: Ischemic heart disease, congenital disease, hypertension, and heart failure.
- Blood disorders: anemia and bleeding disorders.
- Renal disease: renal failure
- Liver disease: hepatitis and liver cirrhosis
- Endocrine disease: diabetes, adrenal dysfunction.
- Neural disorders: Epilepsy
Suggested Reference list:
- Oral Anatomy, Embryology and Histology. B. K. B. Berkovitz, Graham Rex Holland, B. J. Moxham. Mosby, 4th edition, 2009.
- Textbook of Medical Physiology. Guyton and Hall, Saunders QT. 12th edition, 2010.
- Essentials of microbiology for dental students. Jeremy Bagg, T. Wallace MacFarlane, Ian R. Poxton. Oxford medical publications. 2nd edition, 2005.
- Robbins Basic Pathology. Vinay Kumar, Abul K. Abbas, Jon C. Aster. Saunders W. 9th edition, 2012.
- Oral microbiology and immunology. Russell J. Nisengard, Michael G. Newman. Saunders, 2nd edition, 1993.
- Pharmacology and Therapeutics for Dentistry. John A. Yagiela, Frank J. Dowd, Bart Johnson, Angelo Mariotti, and Enid A. Neidle, 6th Edition, 2010.
- Anatomy for Dental Students. Johnson and Moore. 3rd edition. Oxford university press, 1997.
- Oral Bioscience. Ferguson D. B. Churchill Livingston. 2nd edition, 2006.
- Medical problems in dentistry Crispian Scully, 7th edition, 2014.
- Oral Pathology J. V. Soames, J. C. Southam, 4th edition 2005.